Hu (mythology)

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Hu (2nd figure from left of the image), the personification of breath and speech with a tongue symbol above his head along with Khepri (3rd figure from the left), Thoth (4th figure) and Isis (5th figure) guiding the deceased (1st figure on the left besides the god Hu) to the Duat
Name in hieroglyphs

Hu (ḥw), in ancient Egypt, was the deification of the first word, the word of creation, that Atum was said to have exclaimed upon ejaculating in his masturbatory act of creating the Ennead.

Hu is mentioned already in the Old Kingdom Pyramid texts (PT 251, PT 697) as companion of the deceased pharaoh. Together with Sia, he was depicted in the retinue of Thoth, with whom he was also occasionally identified.

In the Middle Kingdom, all gods participated in Hu and Sia, and were associated with Ptah who created the universe by uttering the word of creation. Hu was depicted in human shape, as a falcon, or as a man with a ram's head.

In the New Kingdom, both Hu and Sia together with Heka, Irer and Sedjem were members of the fourteen creative powers of Amun-Ra. By the time of Ptolemaic Egypt, Hu had merged with Shu (air).

Hu (2nd serpent in centre) and Renenutet (3rd seated figure on the right)

See also[edit]


  • Wilkinson, R. H., Die Welt der Götter im Alten Ägypten. Glaube - Macht - Mythologie , Stuttgart 2003
  • Assem, Rehab (2012). "The God Ḥw – A Brief Study". Studien zur Altägyptischen Kultur. 41. Helmut Buske Verlag GmbH: 21–31. ISSN 0340-2215. JSTOR 41812218. Retrieved 2024-02-01.

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