Virginia, South Africa

Coordinates: 28°6′23″S 26°51′44″E / 28.10639°S 26.86222°E / -28.10639; 26.86222
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Virginia is located in Free State (South African province)
Virginia is located in South Africa
Coordinates: 28°6′23″S 26°51′44″E / 28.10639°S 26.86222°E / -28.10639; 26.86222
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceFree State
 • TypePart of a Municipality
 • Mayor(ANC)
 • Total82.1 km2 (31.7 sq mi)
 • Total66,208
 • Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African88.7%
 • Coloured0.7%
 • Indian/Asian0.4%
 • White9.9%
 • Other0.3%
First languages (2011)
 • Sotho65.4%
 • Xhosa13.1%
 • Afrikaans11.0%
 • English2.7%
 • Other7.8%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
PO box
Area code057

Virginia is a gold mining town located in the Lejweleputswa District Municipality and on goldfields of the Free State province in South Africa about 140 km (90 mi) northeast of Bloemfontein, the provincial capital.


In 1890, two railway surveyors from the state of Virginia in the United States etched the name of their birthplace on a boulder near the farm Merriespruit. When a railway siding was eventually established at this spot, the name was adopted, and it stuck after the discovery of gold in 1949 which resulted in a mushrooming settlement on the banks of the Sand River. In 1988 the Sand River burst its banks and flooded parts of the town. In 1994 the Merriespruit tailings dam disaster occurred just outside Virginia, killing seventeen people.[2]

On 5 December 2000, Virginia was incorporated into the Matjhabeng Local Municipality along with the city of Welkom and the towns of Allanridge, Hennenman, Odendaalsrus and Ventersburg. During the apartheid era, black people Lived outside Virginia in the location of Meloding. The town itself boomed during the gold mining years' golden age and gold mining is still responsible for most of the town's economy.


Virginia is surrounded by some of the largest gold fields in Free State, and its economy is dominated by mining, gold-extraction plants, and the manufacture of sulfuric acid from gold ore. It is also known for having the deepest pipe-mine into the earth on the planet.[3] Commercial farms in the surrounding area primarily grow maize (corn) and raise livestock. Virginia is located on the main rail line between Bloemfontein and Johannesburg.


  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Virginia and Meloding from Census 2011.
  2. ^ Wagener, F (1997). "The Merriespruit slimes dam failure: Overview and lessons learnt". SAICE Journal. 39 (3): 11–15.
  3. ^ "Virginia Website". Archived from the original on 2008-01-12. Retrieved 2008-10-24.